The incidence of skin cancer has increased by almost 100% in the past decade. Non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) was the 7th most common cancer in Hong Kong with 895 new cases found in 2012. In local Chinese, the most common skin cancer is basal cell carcinoma (BCC), which accounts for 60% of all skin cancers, followed by squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) then melanomas. Both BCC and SCC are non-melanoma skin cancers in which most cases can be cured by surgical excision or radiotherapy, whereas melanoma has a much higher mortality rate.

The spiking of skin cancer incidence may be related to some common false assumptions in people’s mind, for example occasional sun bathing for prolonged time is safe, children do not need sunscreen, artificial solar tanning is harmless, etc. With the correction of these wrong concepts, skin cancer is actually highly preventable.

This booklet highlights the features of different types of skin cancers, their prognosis, treatments and preventions in order to increase people’s awareness to skin cancers and at the same time, correct the false assumptions made by public.

Skin Cancer