There are two main types of lymphoma, Hodgkin’s lymphomas and Non-Hodgkin’s lymphomas. Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma is a more deadly disease than Hodgkin’s lymphoma. 98% of death (381 cases) caused by lymphoma in the year of 2012 comes from non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma. Non-Hogkin’s lymphoma is the 10th most common cancer in Hong Kong and its mortality rate ranks the 8th in 2012.

The risk factors of lymphoma are not completely certain, but experts believe it is related to EBV infection, autoimmune diseases, family history and exposure to certain chemicals. There are many subtypes of lymphomas even after dividing into Hodgkin’s and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, the exact types of lymphoma can be determined by tests like tissue biopsy, blood test and bone marrow aspiration. Traditional treatments like radiotherapy and chemotherapy can be used, while immunotherapy and radio-immunotherapy are also some new breakthrough in the treatment of lymphomas. With the right treatments, 80-90% of early stages of Hodgkin’s lymphomas can be cured while 60-70% for late stages. For non-Hodgkin’s lymphomas however, only around 70% of patients with early stages can be cured and 30-50% for late stages.

This booklet mentions the differences between Hodgkin’s and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, their causes, signs and symptoms, diagnosis and staging, traditional and advancing treatment methods, prognosis and the nursing care for patients who receive different treatments.